APCAS Activities

Water and Sanitation


water009.JPGWhen we consider about Sri Lankan historical background, we highly attached with massive water system and marvelous irrigation system. In ancient time “water” treated as the god. Early self sufficient livelihood system, mainly people attached with farming and the people and the lake have close relationship. There were wells and ponds in every street to drink water for the travelers. Even we had a massive water system in ancient; it has changed due to the bad habits of the people. Now water system is highly corrupted with garbage and chemicals. Therefore it is very harmful to drink it even for the animal. Even wells and ponds were in every street presently due to the drought many people are suffering from thirsty and highly down from their farming.

water002.JPGAccording to the reports of WHO, Unsafe water, sanitation and hygiene contribute significantly to the high burden of disease due to diarrhea and other infectious diseases in SEA Region, especially among children. Improved water supply and sanitation can have important health and economic benefits. On the other hand it is an important factor of poverty alleviation. As the reports of UNICEF in 2010 about one-third of Sri Lankan households have no access to sanitation and about one-quarter have no access to safe drinking water.18% of the child population lacks access to any water supply or sanitation facility or service and every year a large percentage of Sri Lankan children suffer from some form of diarrheal disease. sanitation001.jpgpoor toilet in rural areaA high percentage of Sri Lanka’s 10,000 schools do not have adequate water and sanitation facilities and about 600 do not have any at all. According to 2006 UNICEF reports the accessibility to safety water in urban area is 98%and it is 76%in rural areas. About the proper sanitation facilities, it is 89%in urban and 86% is in rural areas.Compariosn with urban areas we can see the lack of the improved water and sanitation system in rural areas.

Our Action We accesses to solve those water and sanitation issues at a school level and post disaster areas because several areas have less coverage of water and sanitation as to prevent the health issues.

at Disaster Areas Since the post-landslide housing settlements had, and experienced serious difficulties arising out of malfunctioning of sanitary systems, which in turn has become an environmental threat and health threat. With get together with public Health Inspectors (PHIs) in those areas we support to build 40 toilets in Denilowatta and Haguranketha.

at CKD problems Area
According to the statistics available, a significant increase of Chronic Kidney Disease(CKD) has been observed in recent years in North Central Province and it is postulated that there is a strong regional bias and that paddy farmers are at high risk. The North Central Province has high fluoride content in the ground water, constant exposure to high concentrations of pesticides, agrochemicals such as fertilizers and the storage of water utilizes substandard systems and technology.
Therefore safe water system need to prevent CKD at school level and we get together to construct water purification system in North Central province and make aware children, parents and teachers on some importance factors such as how to identify CKD by themselves and what they should do to cure it. Because most of the people are thinking that CKD patient cannot recover and it is ends with death. Therefore we are much to change their attitudes. To aware the children we use picture books and for adults conducting radio programs and workshops.

at Poor Facilities Area In many schools in rural areas are in poor sanitary condition with broken toilets and limited water supply. water003.JPGWithout these basic necessities both male and female children are practice poor sanitary behavior and run at the risk of illness. Addressing to these issues we conduct the programs of constructing wells, toilets and water supply system to schools of Magallegama Vidyalaya, Galkadawala vidyalaya,Kivla and Karukkumaduwa in Kurunegala District, North Western Province.

water004.JPGIn these schools Health Inspectors are involving to teach basic sanitary practice such as washing hands before eat, Washing hands after go to the toilet and how to keep their toilets clean, drink boiled water. Through the children make aware their parents even about the best sanitary practices. In the schools using picture posters, adult children teach to small children about the sanitary is also the teaching way about the importance of sanitary.